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Azure VM 虚拟机的系统盘占用空间过大,如何裁剪节省成本?

我们在创建 Azure 云的 VM 虚拟机时,其自带的系统盘(C:)往往占用了过大的空间,产生很多额外的开销,我们可以通过如下的 PowerShell 脚本进行空间的裁剪,以优化节约花费!

具体操作步骤,请参考: https://jrudlin.github.io/2019-08-27-shrink-azure-vm-osdisk/

Shrink Azure VM System Disk PowerShell Script:

# Variables
$DiskID = "TODO: 形式如同: /subscriptions/203bdbf0-69bd-1a12-a894-a826cf0a34c8/resourcegroups/rg-server1-prod-1/providers/Microsoft.Compute/disks/Server1-Server1"
$VMName = "TODO: Azure VM NAME VVVVVV"
$DiskSizeGB = 32
$AzSubscription = "TODO: Azure Subscription NAME SSSSSS"

# Script
# Provide your Azure admin credentials
Connect-AzAccount

#Provide the subscription Id of the subscription where snapshot is created
Select-AzSubscription -Subscription $AzSubscription

# VM to resize disk of
$VM = Get-AzVm | ? Name -eq $VMName

#Provide the name of your resource group where snapshot is created
$resourceGroupName = $VM.ResourceGroupName

# Get Disk from ID
$Disk = Get-AzDisk | ? Id -eq $DiskID

# Get VM/Disk generation from Disk
$HyperVGen = $Disk.HyperVGeneration

# Get Disk Name from Disk
$DiskName = $Disk.Name

# Get SAS URI for the Managed disk
$SAS = Grant-AzDiskAccess -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -DiskName $DiskName -Access 'Read' -DurationInSecond 600000;

#Provide the managed disk name
#$managedDiskName = "yourManagedDiskName" 

#Provide Shared Access Signature (SAS) expiry duration in seconds e.g. 3600.
#$sasExpiryDuration = "3600"

#Provide storage account name where you want to copy the snapshot - the script will create a new one temporarily
$storageAccountName = "shrink" + [system.guid]::NewGuid().tostring().replace('-','').substring(1,18)

#Name of the storage container where the downloaded snapshot will be stored
$storageContainerName = $storageAccountName

#Provide the key of the storage account where you want to copy snapshot. 
#$storageAccountKey = "yourStorageAccountKey"

#Provide the name of the VHD file to which snapshot will be copied.
$destinationVHDFileName = "$($VM.StorageProfile.OsDisk.Name).vhd"

#Generate the SAS for the managed disk
#$sas = Grant-AzureRmDiskAccess -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -DiskName $managedDiskName -Access Read -DurationInSecond $sasExpiryDuration

#Create the context for the storage account which will be used to copy snapshot to the storage account 
$StorageAccount = New-AzStorageAccount -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -Name $storageAccountName -SkuName Standard_LRS -Location $VM.Location
$destinationContext = $StorageAccount.Context
$container = New-AzStorageContainer -Name $storageContainerName -Permission Off -Context $destinationContext

#Copy the snapshot to the storage account and wait for it to complete
Start-AzStorageBlobCopy -AbsoluteUri $SAS.AccessSAS -DestContainer $storageContainerName -DestBlob $destinationVHDFileName -DestContext $destinationContext
while(($state = Get-AzStorageBlobCopyState -Context $destinationContext -Blob $destinationVHDFileName -Container $storageContainerName).Status -ne "Success") { $state; Start-Sleep -Seconds 20 }
$state

# Revoke SAS token
Revoke-AzDiskAccess -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -DiskName $DiskName

# Emtpy disk to get footer from
$emptydiskforfootername = "$($VM.StorageProfile.OsDisk.Name)-empty.vhd"

# Empty disk URI
#$EmptyDiskURI = $container.CloudBlobContainer.Uri.AbsoluteUri + "/" + $emptydiskforfooter

$diskConfig = New-AzDiskConfig `
    -Location $VM.Location `
    -CreateOption Empty `
    -DiskSizeGB $DiskSizeGB `
    -HyperVGeneration $HyperVGen

$dataDisk = New-AzDisk `
    -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName `
    -DiskName $emptydiskforfootername `
    -Disk $diskConfig

$VM = Add-AzVMDataDisk `
    -VM $VM `
    -Name $emptydiskforfootername `
    -CreateOption Attach `
    -ManagedDiskId $dataDisk.Id `
    -Lun 63

Update-AzVM -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -VM $VM

$VM | Stop-AzVM -Force


# Get SAS token for the empty disk
$SAS = Grant-AzDiskAccess -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -DiskName $emptydiskforfootername -Access 'Read' -DurationInSecond 600000;

# Copy the empty disk to blob storage
Start-AzStorageBlobCopy -AbsoluteUri $SAS.AccessSAS -DestContainer $storageContainerName -DestBlob $emptydiskforfootername -DestContext $destinationContext
while(($state = Get-AzStorageBlobCopyState -Context $destinationContext -Blob $emptydiskforfootername -Container $storageContainerName).Status -ne "Success") { $state; Start-Sleep -Seconds 20 }
$state

# Revoke SAS token
Revoke-AzDiskAccess -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -DiskName $emptydiskforfootername

# Remove temp empty disk
Remove-AzVMDataDisk -VM $VM -DataDiskNames $emptydiskforfootername
Update-AzVM -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -VM $VM

# Delete temp disk
Remove-AzDisk -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -DiskName $emptydiskforfootername -Force;

# Get the blobs
$emptyDiskblob = Get-AzStorageBlob -Context $destinationContext -Container $storageContainerName -Blob $emptydiskforfootername
$osdisk = Get-AzStorageBlob -Context $destinationContext -Container $storageContainerName -Blob $destinationVHDFileName

$footer = New-Object -TypeName byte[] -ArgumentList 512
write-output "Get footer of empty disk"

$downloaded = $emptyDiskblob.ICloudBlob.DownloadRangeToByteArray($footer, 0, $emptyDiskblob.Length - 512, 512)

$osDisk.ICloudBlob.Resize($emptyDiskblob.Length)
$footerStream = New-Object -TypeName System.IO.MemoryStream -ArgumentList (,$footer)
write-output "Write footer of empty disk to OSDisk"
$osDisk.ICloudBlob.WritePages($footerStream, $emptyDiskblob.Length - 512)

Write-Output -InputObject "Removing empty disk blobs"
$emptyDiskblob | Remove-AzStorageBlob -Force


#Provide the name of the Managed Disk
$NewDiskName = "$DiskName" + "-new"

#Create the new disk with the same SKU as the current one
$accountType = $Disk.Sku.Name

# Get the new disk URI
$vhdUri = $osdisk.ICloudBlob.Uri.AbsoluteUri

# Specify the disk options
$diskConfig = New-AzDiskConfig -AccountType $accountType -Location $VM.location -DiskSizeGB $DiskSizeGB -SourceUri $vhdUri -CreateOption Import -StorageAccountId $StorageAccount.Id -HyperVGeneration $HyperVGen

#Create Managed disk
$NewManagedDisk = New-AzDisk -DiskName $NewDiskName -Disk $diskConfig -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName

$VM | Stop-AzVM -Force

# Set the VM configuration to point to the new disk  
Set-AzVMOSDisk -VM $VM -ManagedDiskId $NewManagedDisk.Id -Name $NewManagedDisk.Name

# Update the VM with the new OS disk
Update-AzVM -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -VM $VM

$VM | Start-AzVM

start-sleep 180
# Please check the VM is running before proceeding with the below tidy-up steps

# Delete old Managed Disk
Remove-AzDisk -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroupName -DiskName $DiskName -Force;

# Delete old blob storage
$osdisk | Remove-AzStorageBlob -Force

# Delete temp storage account
$StorageAccount | Remove-AzStorageAccount -Force